Privacy is exceptionally valued globally, and it extends to sensitive information users upload on websites. Businesses and websites collect data for various reasons.
For example, companies use their sites to gather data about users to provide them with targeted advertising. On the other hand, organizations use consumer information to help them understand their clients better to improve the overall customer experience.
Several laws have been put in place to ensure this personal information is protected and kept private from external, opposing forces, such as hackers, malware, etc. This article will guide you through everything you need to know about websites and privacy laws.
Table of Contents
What are privacy laws?
- Full name
- Date of birth
- Postal address
- Email address
- Marital status
- Payment details/credit card information
- Financial records
- IP address
- Medical history
- Social Insurance Numbers
Top Three Privacy Laws
Privacy laws vary according to country, state, and region. But there are some general regulations that websites must comply with. We discuss the top three below.
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
The General Data Protection Regulation is the world’s most important data protection law. It replaced the 1995 data protection directive on the 25th of May, 2018. This body of regulations enhances how people can access their personal information.
Also, GDPR limits what organizations and websites can do with users’ data. The GDPR has seven principles that act as its backbone, and they are:
- Lawfulness, Fairness, and Transparency
- Purpose limitation
- Data minimization
- Storage limitation
- Integrity and confidentiality
GDPR is majorly concerned with protecting personal data, which is the information that directly or indirectly identifies a person. These include names, location data, online usernames, IP addresses, race or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, etc. So, if a website collects any of this information, it must remain compliant with the GDPR.
California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA)
The California Consumer Privacy Act is a state-focused data privacy law that improves California residents’ privacy rights and consumer protection. It regulates how businesses worldwide handle and manage Californians’ personal information (PI).
The CCPA came into effect on the 1st of January, 2020, and it has three thresholds for businesses and websites. CCPA applies to for-profit organizations that:
- Sells the PI of more than 50,000 Californians yearly
- Derives more than 50% of its yearly revenue from selling the PI of California residents
- Have an annual gross income of over $25 million
Also, under the CCPA, California residents enjoy certain privileges. These include the right to:
- Opt-out of having their data sold to third parties
- Request deletion of data gathered
- Request disclosure of information already collected
- Be notified
- Equal services and price
Websites must inform visitors before or at the point of data collection of the various categories of PI they would gather and the purposes. Also, it is crucial to pay special attention to minors.
For instance, for those below 16, websites have to obtain opt-in consent before selling or disclosing personal data to third parties. But for those who are under 13 years, a parent (or legal guardian) must opt-in for them.
Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (CDPA)
The Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (CDPA) is similar to the EU’s GDPR and California’s CCPA. The CDPA expands consumer rights to access, delete, correct, and even obtain a copy of the personal data collected by a company or website.
Customers can also opt out of processing their data for targeted advertising or sale reasons. Also, the CDPA broadens the definition of personal data to include sensitive information like race, religion, sexual orientation, physical or emotional health diagnosis, precise geolocation, etc.
The CDPA applies to businesses that carry out operations in Virginia or produce products that target Virginia residents. Also, if a company controls or processes the personal data of at least 100,000 consumers in a calendar year, they have to comply with the CDPA.
Furthermore, if an organization controls or processes the personal data of at least 25,000 consumers and gets over 50% of gross income from selling such information, the CDPA applies to them.
When a website fails to comply with these privacy laws and regulations, there are penalties. This includes fines, lawsuits, reputation damage, loss of consumers, loss of money, regulatory scrutiny, and even imprisonment.
Key reasons websites need privacy policies
The inclusion of privacy policies on websites has become a vital issue. This is a result of many factors. Below are the top reasons why websites need to have privacy policies.
It builds trust
Website owners with privacy policies indicate their transparency to users. When your site provides a clear picture of how and why you collect their personal information, they will feel safe and comfortable. It shows current and potential customers that you care about their privacy and consider them a priority.
It’s the law
Third parties require them
The data your website collects
There are several types of data a website might collect from users, so you must specify which information, in particular, your site gathers. Some of the most common categories of data websites collect are:
- Personal information: Mention that your site will collect PI like names, addresses, phone numbers, email addresses, etc.
- Usage and analytics data: Let users know if you collect information on how they access and use the site. This data helps the company or website with internal processes like troubleshooting and improving functionality.
Mention how your website plans to use the data
Some of the ways websites use consumer data are:
- Shipping information: If the website is an e-commerce store, it will collect user information to ship products.
- Customer service purposes: When a website provides a product or service, user information comes in handy for customer service purposes like guarantees, returns, repairs, cancellations, repairs, payment issues, etc.
Also, You Can read How to Build an eCommerce Website Using Zyro
- Whether or not your company shares user data with affiliates or regulatory bodies
- Methods of data collection
- Provisions for minors
- Legal basis for the collection
- Data transfer
- User’s rights
Check Out the Quick Video Review On Website Privacy Policies
Source: Flux Academy
Websites have several obligations to their users because numerous privacy laws govern collecting, storing, handling, and managing users’ data. So, stay compliant with these laws and avoid legal damages to your organization. This article provided everything you need to know about websites and privacy laws.
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